Responsibilities of Manufacturers, Importers, Suppliers and Installers
|Regulations||Health and Safety at work etc. Act 974, section 3 and section 6, as amended by the Consumer Protection Act 1987.|
|Acop||Whoever designs, manufactures, imports or supplies water systems that may create a risk of exposure to legionella bacteria should, so far as is reasonably practicable:
Suppliers of products and services, including consultancy and water treatment services, aimed at preventing or controlling the risk of exposure to legionella bacteria, should, so far as is reasonably practicable:
All water systems should be properly installed, and commissioned as appropriate.
|Guidance||Anyone involved in the supply of water systems (e.g. designers, manufacturers, importers or suppliers of water systems) has duties under health and safety legislation. They must, as far as reasonably practicable, ensure that the equipment is designed and constructed so that it is safe when used at work and enables safe and easy operation, cleaning and maintenance.There are a number of key points to consider in the design and construction of water systems. Cooling systems should be designed and constructed so that they:
Hot and cold water systems should be designed and constructed so that they:
Manufacturers and suppliers of water systems should provide adequate information and instructions on their safe use. This should include information about those aspects of operation and maintenance which have a bearing on the risk. Those who supply services, such as water treatment or maintenance services, should also make clear to the responsible person any deficiencies in the water system or measures that may pose a significant risk of exposure to legionella bacteria. They should also make the owner or responsible person aware of any limitations in their own expertise, products or services so that they can make arrangements to ensure that these deficiencies or limitations are addressed.
Service providers should also ensure that their staff are competent to carry out the task safely. They should be properly trained to a standard appropriate to the various tasks they perform, such as risk assessment, advising on water treatment measures, sampling or cleaning and maintaining water systems. A code of conduct for organisations providing services to occupiers/owners of water systems has been developed jointly by the Water Management Society and the British Association for Chemical Specialists (WMS/BACS). This code of conduct does not have any legal status, but may give guidance to occupiers about the standard of service they will receive from service providers who agree to abide by the code.
All staff should be suitably trained, managed, supervised, and given appropriate resources or support. In particular, they should be aware of the action to take when confronted with situations outside of their knowledge or experience.